QA (Quality Assurance) is the process of ensuring that a product or service meets the desired quality standards. In software development, QA is concerned with ensuring that software products are free of defects and meet the requirements and expectations of users.
The main goals of QA are to:
1. Identify and prevent defects: QA involves the use of various testing techniques to identify defects in software products before they are released to users..
2. Improve product quality: By identifying and fixing defects, QA helps to improve the overall quality of the software product.
3. Increase user satisfaction: By ensuring that software products meet user requirements and expectations, QA helps to increase user satisfaction.
The QA process typically involves several stages, including:
1. Planning: In this stage, the QA team defines the quality standards and testing procedures that will be used to ensure that the software product meets these standards.
2. Design: In this stage, the QA team creates test plans and test cases that will be used to test the software product.
3. Execution: In this stage, the QA team executes the test plans and test cases to identify defects and ensure that the software product meets the desired quality standards.
4. Reporting In this stage, the QA team reports the results of the testing to the development team, who then work to fix any defects that were identified.
There are several types of testing techniques that are used in the QA process, including functional testing, performance testing, and security testing. QA is an important process in software development, as it helps to ensure that software products are reliable, secure, and meet user requirements and expectations.